Resiliente Cereals

Resiliente Cereals

At the core of this project was the concept of “diffuse” production (locally managed instead of centrally managed by seed companies for (inter)national sale) of seeds, and in particular populations, with a view to preserving the principle of specific adaptation of each population to a given environment. The population, the bearer of diversity, adapts to the location and evolves over time, showing greater resilience than uniform seed. Around this idea arose the need to build a network between the different stakeholders potentially interested in innovation, first and foremost the farmers, in a broader perspective of collaboration over time around a shared project. Diversity that is not exclusively biological Locally grown varieties are not only the product of genetic and environmental diversity, but also of cultural diversity in the approach to innovation and responding to the needs of local society. All these aspects require collective management to harmonise the needs of farmers with those of the supply chain and consumers. The Operational Group of the project therefore engaged in an open dialogue with the farmers and the various actors present on the Tuscan territory, considering the different experience and geographical origin of the group members essential to respond to the problem of managing the diversity inherent in the populations and the various problems that emerged during the various phases of the project. Crucial in the marketing of population seeds are the following questions

how to organise the seed production of material that does not have uniform and stable characteristics over time?
How many farmers are interested in experimenting with populations on their own fields?
How can a population seed production system be sustained socially, technically and economically?

The project has addressed these questions and the Operational Group continues to explore them today through the RESILIENT CEREALS 2.0 project. Duration: 2017-2019

Resiliente Cereals

RESILIENT GRAINS 2.0

The second phase of the PEI RESILIENT CEREALS project has been underway since 2019, in which the Operational Group consolidated during the first part of the project is carrying out all the planning activities foreseen by the Strategic Plan through the entire supply chain. The protagonists are the local networks of farmers who contribute to the reproduction of seeds, managing their correct evolution over time, and to their dissemination, with the technical and scientific support of the project partners. The project aims to achieve economic objectives:

  • To produce cereal material selected for its adaptability and evaluated for its technological and nutritional characteristics in order to develop local production chains.
  • To increase the production potential of cereals for organic and low-input farming in order to guarantee a higher income for farmers who will be motivated to put back into production lands that have been abandoned for years and to reduce marginal agricultural areas;
  • To create a network between different scientific, economic and social realities in order to provide technical assistance and genetic material to farmers in local production chains, to promote cultural aspects linked to processing and consumer awareness of foods with special nutraceutical characteristics.
  • to Improve pest management and control and contain pathogenic adversities through seeds from populations adapted for organic and low-input farming;
  • to maintain soil fertility by fostering a good structural state of the soil, with appropriate programming of rotations
  • reducing (in the long run) the accumulation of pollutants in soil and water and promote carbon sequestration through more efficient organic and low-input farming systems
    Improving the planning capacity of supply chains, thus reducing under-use of machinery
    A further reduction of CO2 emissions into the atmosphere through the promotion of 0 km cereal supply chains c

From an operational point of view, this means:

  • increasing crop diversity on farms and promoting CCP (Composite Cross Population) evolution and adaptation in different growing environments;
  • developing the integrated seed production system of SOLIBAM TENERO FLORIDDIA, analysing the socio-economic aspects of an innovative seed system;
  • enabling farmers to select and maintain their own CCPs in order to achieve stability of production yield, decrease production cost and increase farm income;
  • improving food quality by testing products derived from CCPs where competition between genotypes and reduced nitrogen favour the increase of secondary metabolites (nutraceutical substances);
  • increasing soil fertility with environmentally sustainable cultivation practices to improve soil structure and reduce energy inputs that increase CO2 emissions into the atmosphere.

cereali resilienti RSR takes care of project coordination and monitoring activities by organising coordination meetings and internal animation, so that all partners can effectively cooperate and strengthen local networks. Our contribution to the project also includes the publication of information material and the organisation of public presentations, company visits and thematic meetings. Finally, we maintain relations with policymakers such as MiPAAF and CREA DC to update them on activities and results. Among the other partners, the University of Pisa deals with the economic sustainability of the innovation, including applying for seed authorisation and identifying the implications of seed management by farmers with an open source licence to ensure the widest possible access to potential users. The University of Florence, on the other hand, is engaged in the contextualisation in the different environments of Tuscany, and in particular on the aspects of the maintenance of the primary source of the SOLIBAM Floriddia population, the secondary adaptation at the 4 mother farms and the climatic analysis for the definition of the adaptation environments The project also includes the study of the quality of the flours and products: on the one hand, the evaluation of the rheological properties of flours and mycotoxins (at UNIFI laboratories); on the other hand, milling tests at Floriddia and Angeli mills, and bread, cracker, biscuit production tests evaluated by panel tests.

DIVERSIFOOD

DIVERSIFOOD

logo diversifood DIVERSIFOOD, is a European project funded by the Horizon 2020 programme, set out to identify and promote local and regional activities as a new paradigm for the food system, integrating crop diversity into networks for high quality local food systems. A multi-actor project, DIVERSIFOOD involved a wide range of stakeholders in the food system from field to table in different European countries: public and private research institutes, universities, technical organisations, professional breeders, processors, retailers, citizen networks and farmer networks involved in on-farm breeding and seed production. The project addressed three main issues:

  • supporting and promoting innovative models of biodiversity management
  • supporting the use of quality, healthy and tasty products and their valorisation on the market
  • promoting participatory research and communication tools to support and extend collaboration

partecipativa diversifood Il progetto si e’ concluso con le seguenti raccomandazioni:

  • Promuovere la diversità e’ essenziale per la sostenibilita dei sistemi sementieri, e questa diversità  richiede circolazione sia di materiale genetico che di conoscenza tra i soggetti coinvolti, facilitato da legislazione e regolamentazione specifica
  • La comunità e le sue norme ed aspettative sono elementi fondamentali per lo sviluppo dei semi sementieri a livello locale e vanno considerate nei loro impatti;
  • Le case delle sementi colmano a livello locale il vuoto tra gli agricoltori e le banche del seme, tale ruolo richiede quindi valorizzazione

The project has closed with the following recommendations:

Promoting diversity is essential for the sustainability of seed systems, and this diversity requires circulation of both genetic material and knowledge among stakeholders, facilitated by specific legislation and regulation
The community and its norms and expectations are key to seed development at the local level and their impacts must be considered;
Seed houses fill the gap between farmers and seed banks at local level, this role therefore requires valorisation

Available on the project website are a series of factsheets on biodiversity in all its aspects in the food supply chain (from seed, through field research to product marketing), farmers’ rights and seed houses. Website: http://www.diversifood.eu/ Duration: 2015-2019

MIXWHEAT

MIXWHEAT

MIXWHEAT aims at adapting and disseminating the SOLIBAM TENERO LI ROSI population in the different Sicilian pedoclimatic environments in order to facilitate its adaptation to climate change in organic cereal farming. The protagonists will be the local networks of farmers who will contribute to the reproduction of seeds, managing their correct evolution over time, and to their diffusion, with the technical and scientific support of the project partners. The changes promoted by the project will have different impacts, from the farm level to the consumption of final products, affecting farmers and the whole organic cereal sector.   The CCP of wheat SOLIBAM TENERO LI ROSI constitutes the core of the innovation to be tested with this Project through the evaluation of its adaptation in 4 climatic macro-areas (plain, hill, mountain and coast) in dedicated experimental fields (1 mother-farm and 5 daughter-farms for each macro-area) in order to have locally adapted seed to be distributed to a network of interested farmers, sensitised through appropriate demonstration actions. This innovation will bring diversity back to the organic or low input cereal sector, solving the problem of the lack of varieties suitable for these cropping systems and making Sicilian cereal farming more resilient to climate change. The innovation will be managed by farmers and disseminated under an open source licence to ensure the widest access by other users. The project phases

  1. assessment of local adaptation and multiplication of the CCP in the 4 macro-areas thanks to the network of mother and daughter farms;
    production of quality seed in each macro-area to be distributed to local farmers in order to invest at least 20 ha per area;
  2. publication of guidelines for the evolutionary maintenance of CCPs;
  3. setting up of a Monitoring System that follows the evolution of CCPs in the 4 areas to provide technical support to farmers and information support to subjects interested in testing the finished products made;
  4. implementation of an APP for data collection by farmers participating in the innovation testing.

Project objectives

to increase crop diversity on farms and to foster the evolution and adaptation of CCPs to different growing environments
develop the integrated seed production system of SOLIBAM TENERO LI ROSI, analysing the socio-economic aspects of an innovative seed system;
enable farmers to select and maintain their own CCPs in order to achieve yield stability, decrease production cost and increase farm income;
improve food quality by testing products derived from CCPs where competition between genotypes and reduced nitrogen favour the increase of secondary metabolites (nutraceutical substances);
increasing soil fertility with environmentally sustainable cultivation practices to improve soil structure and reduce energy inputs that increase CO2.

 

CONSEMI

CONSEMI

Lo scopo del progetto è costituire una Casa dei Semi del Veneto per promuovere lo sviluppo di filiere di gestione della semente e dei prodotti trasformati che siano innovative, locali e sostenibili.

Gli obiettivi che si pone sono:

  • aumentare la diversità coltivata nelle aziende agricole e la diffusione di varietà locali e popolazioni di cereali;
  • migliorare la qualità degli alimenti a base di cereali;
  • incrementare la fertilità del suolo con pratiche colturali ecosostenibili in biologico.

Protagonisti sono i network locali di agricoltori che contribuiscono alla riproduzione e alla diffusione di varietà locali e popolazioni evolutive (CCP) di frumento e di mais.

I cambiamenti promossi avranno impatti dal livello aziendale a quello del consumo, interessando tutto il comparto cerealicolo biologico.

casa sementi

Il progetto prevede che la Casa dei Semi acquisisca piena operatività funzionale e riconoscibilità presso agricoltori e stakeholders sul territorio nazionale ed europeo attraverso:

  • consolidamento della la gestione della semente e la sua distribuzione ad una rete di agricoltori locali.
  • registrazione di varietà locali e popolazioni evolutive tramite la presentazione di dossier per l’iscrizione ai registri nazionali.
  • sensibilizzazione sulla gestione delle filiere del seme e dei prodotti di trasformazione,
  • supporto ad una dinamica collettiva intorno al territorio-progetto-filiera-prodotto
  • individuazione di approcci innovativi per produzioni di qualità.

Sito: http://consemi.it/

Durata: 2019-2021

Post del Progetto

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