MIXWHEAT aims at adapting and disseminating the SOLIBAM TENERO LI ROSI population in the different Sicilian pedoclimatic environments in order to facilitate its adaptation to climate change in organic cereal farming. The protagonists will be the local networks of farmers who will contribute to the reproduction of seeds, managing their correct evolution over time, and to their diffusion, with the technical and scientific support of the project partners. The changes promoted by the project will have different impacts, from the farm level to the consumption of final products, affecting farmers and the whole organic cereal sector. The CCP of wheat SOLIBAM TENERO LI ROSI constitutes the core of the innovation to be tested with this Project through the evaluation of its adaptation in 4 climatic macro-areas (plain, hill, mountain and coast) in dedicated experimental fields (1 mother-farm and 5 daughter-farms for each macro-area) in order to have locally adapted seed to be distributed to a network of interested farmers, sensitised through appropriate demonstration actions. This innovation will bring diversity back to the organic or low input cereal sector, solving the problem of the lack of varieties suitable for these cropping systems and making Sicilian cereal farming more resilient to climate change. The innovation will be managed by farmers and disseminated under an open source licence to ensure the widest access by other users. The project phases
- assessment of local adaptation and multiplication of the CCP in the 4 macro-areas thanks to the network of mother and daughter farms;
production of quality seed in each macro-area to be distributed to local farmers in order to invest at least 20 ha per area;
- publication of guidelines for the evolutionary maintenance of CCPs;
- setting up of a Monitoring System that follows the evolution of CCPs in the 4 areas to provide technical support to farmers and information support to subjects interested in testing the finished products made;
- implementation of an APP for data collection by farmers participating in the innovation testing.
to increase crop diversity on farms and to foster the evolution and adaptation of CCPs to different growing environments
develop the integrated seed production system of SOLIBAM TENERO LI ROSI, analysing the socio-economic aspects of an innovative seed system;
enable farmers to select and maintain their own CCPs in order to achieve yield stability, decrease production cost and increase farm income;
improve food quality by testing products derived from CCPs where competition between genotypes and reduced nitrogen favour the increase of secondary metabolites (nutraceutical substances);
increasing soil fertility with environmentally sustainable cultivation practices to improve soil structure and reduce energy inputs that increase CO2.